An Example of Decentralized Management in Education: Provincial Directory Model

Sefer Ada, Z. Nurdan Baysal, Senem Seda Şahenk Erkan


In Turkey, two types of administrative structures existed in the fields of National Education: “the central” and “provincial” institutions. However, between 1926-1931, the Locality model was implemented. Locality can be considered as a local administration formed in the provincial organization of the Ministry of Education by the law number 1834 between the years 1926–1931. Within this arrangement, the provincial structure of Turkey was divided into 13 provincial regions. In every provincial region, there was one administrator called “emin[1]” equipped with extensive responsibilities. Then, there was one director of education under the supervision of the emin and other sub-units enabling the implementation of provincial directory. In the “Provincial Directory Model”, “The Decentralized Administration” problems could be solved more efficiently, time and resources could be saved by the “Local Directory” within the authorization of emin without consulting the center. Following 1931, this model was rejected without any logical reasons and “the centralized model”, which is still being implemented, has emerged. In this model, the expenses of labor, resources and time have been increasing as the problems arising in the province are attempted to be solved in the center.

[1]Emin means director.

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Journal of Education and Training Studies  ISSN 2324-805X (Print)   ISSN 2324-8068 (Online)

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