Student Errors in Fractions and Possible Causes of These Errors

Nuri Can Aksoy, Derya Ozlem Yazlik

Abstract


In this study, it was aimed to determine the errors and misunderstandings of 5th and 6th grade middle school students in fractions and operations with fractions. For this purpose, the case study model, which is a qualitative research design, was used in the research. In the study, maximum diversity sampling, which is a purposeful sampling method, was used. For this reason, this study was conducted in a state and a private secondary school on a voluntary basis with 105 5th graders and 84 6th graders, with a total of 189 secondary school students from different levels of achievement. In order to determine students' errors and misconceptions about fractions, two tests were prepared by researchers, ten open-ended questions for 5th graders and twelve open-ended questions for 6th graders. Before these tests were formed, the related field was scanned and the existing misunderstandings were determined. Content analysis method was used on the analyzing of the data. The answer papers of the students were coded and students’ solving were examined in three categories as correct, wrong and blank. In addition to this the solving belongs to wrong category was examined in detail and mistakes of the students were coded and the reason of these mistakes were dwelled on. It is seen from the result of the study that students have misunderstanding and mistakes about fractions. It is seen that students are not using the modellings on the operations with fractions because of that most of the mistake and misunderstandings are about operations with fractions.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v5i11.2679

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Journal of Education and Training Studies  ISSN 2324-805X (Print)   ISSN 2324-8068 (Online)

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