Modelling Short-run Money Demand for the US

Marcus Scheiblecker


There is a vast amount of empirical evidence concerning the cointegrating relationship between money demand, some kind of interest rate and income. In contrast to this, short-run dynamics are still opaque. In the existing literature, the return to steady state is modeled quite differently. The range goes from simple error correction models to non-linear approaches.

We herewith propose a method for considering not only disequilibria between money demand and its steady state for the last period only, but also for such of the recent past in a parsimonious and economically meaningful way. As different from multicointegration, weights for cumulating steady-state deviations are geometrically decreasing, the more they are located in the past. This model possesses an ARMA (1,1) representation and leads to an ARMAX-model, if combined with a conventional error correction model. This approach is shown to track money demand short-run dynamics better and more parsimoniously than partial-adjustment models.

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Applied Economics and Finance    ISSN 2332-7294 (Print)   ISSN 2332-7308 (Online)

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