Impact of Bullying and Low Perceived Social Support on Ultra- High-Risk for Psychosis in Immigrant Adolescents: A Preliminary Study

Anna Riva, Monica Bomba, Elisa Maserati, Francesca Neri, Renata Nacinovich

Abstract


The purpose of our research is to identify, in a sample of immigrant adolescents, the presence of Ultra-High-Risk (UHR) for psychosis and to analyze the interaction between UHR, experience of bullying victimization and low social support. Data were collected from the medical records of 31 immigrant adolescents. CAARMS (Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States) was used to determine the presence of ultra high risk (UHR) of developing psychosis, while MSPSS (Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support) for the perceived social support. 45.2% of subjects resulted at high risk for psychosis (UHR). In the UHR group the 57.1% of the subjects told to be victims of bullying (p = 0,007). The MSPSS outlined that 17.2% of the subjects declared that they received a low social support, the 58.6% average, and the 24.1% a high support. Significant differences between UHR and NOT UHR group considering a low perceived social support emerged. Considering the fixed variable “being or not being bullied”, a direct correlation between bullying (ρ = 0.431) and UHR and an indirect correlation between the MSPSS total score (ρ = -0.273) and UHR emerged. Results of the multiple linear regression considering UHR as a dependent variable confirmed that both the variables are significant (p = 0.0082) and that they both contribute to the risk of psychosis. Preliminary results of our study suggest a relevant and causal relation between bullying, low social support and psychosis in immigrant adolescents.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/ijsss.v5i11.2605

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International Journal of Social Science Studies   ISSN 2324-8033 (Print)   ISSN 2324-8041 (Online)

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