Manyama Braya in Banjar Angansari, Bali in Foucault’s Genealogy Perspective

Dewa A. G. Agung, Sanggar Kanto, Darsono Wisadirana, I Nyoman Ruja

Abstract


Religious conflict in Indonesia has been escalated since the fall of Suharto from the presidency in 1998. However, there is still a harmonious life among different religious such as in Banjar Angansari, a small village in Bali, which inhabited by Moslem and Hindus. This phenomenon caused by their local wisdom called “manyama braya”which means "good neighborliness". Local wisdom in this research means local values that inherited by the local community which become guidelines to live together. There are lots of studies about manyama braya, nevertheless no one study about the history of this local wisdom in a particular area, such as Banjar Angansari, yet. Banjar Angansari is a traditional society that embraced Hinduism and Islam. This study aimed to explore the history of manyama braya in Banjar Angansari and its function for the harmony of society. This study is qualitative research using Foulcault’s’s genealogy approach. We collected the data trough deep observation in people’s life in Banjar Angansari. We also collected the data from documents, such as ancient inscription, and interviewed numerous local people including the Moslems as well as the Hindus. There are several results of this study. Firstly, the manyama braya has been existed in Banjar Angansari long before they embraced Hinduism and Islam. The Sukawana Inscription (882 AD) proved that there was a harmonious live between Hindus and those who believed in Shiva Budha, long before Islam religion started to come in this region in 1982. Therefore, there’s a continuity of history because Banjar Angansari’s people can preserve the harmonious live between different religions up to now. Secondly, there is a discontinuity of history of Banjar Angansari. The discontinuity due to the difference of religious ideology across the time from animism and dynamism, Hinduism, and Islam. Therefore, it is hoped that this research can be seen as an attempt to reconstruct Foucault’s genealogy especially about the discontinuity in history.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/ijsss.v5i8.2484

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International Journal of Social Science Studies   ISSN 2324-8033 (Print)   ISSN 2324-8041 (Online)

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