Homicide and Drug Trafficking in Impoverished Communities in Brazil

Elenice De Souza Oliveira, Braulio Figueiredo Alves da Silva, Flavio Luiz Sapori, Gabriela Gomes Cardoso

Abstract


Many studies demonstrate that homicides are heavily concentrated in impoverished neighborhoods, but not all socially disadvantaged neighborhoods are hotbeds of violence. Conducted in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, this study hypothesizes that the association between high rates of homicide and impoverished areas is influenced by the emergence of a specific type of street drug-dealing common to favelas (slums). The study applies econometric techniques to police data on homicides and drug arrests from 2008 to 2011, as well as 2010 Census data, to test its hypothesis. The findings provide insight into the development of crime prevention policies in areas of high social vulnerability.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/ijlpa.v3i2.5008

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International Journal of Law and Public Administration   ISSN 2576-2192 (Print)     ISSN 2576-2184 (Online)

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