A Simple Approach to Assess if a Financial “Bubble” is Present: The Case of Bitcoin

Vitor M. A. da Fonseca, Manuel A. R. da Fonseca

Abstract


This article’s goal is to evaluate if the recent price behavior of Bitcoin can be characterized as a financial market “bubble”. To deal with this assessment, we adopt a statistical definition of a “bubble” derived from the efficient market hypothesis and we propose a simple method to test this proposition, based on the time-series model known as random walk. We analyze the data available for Bitcoin prices, together with an asset selected as benchmark, and perform statistical tests derived from simple regression equations. The main conclusion is that there is consistent evidence that that Bitcoin follows the pattern of a financial “bubble” – at least, such pattern is more evident in the case of Bitcoin than in the stock index used as benchmark.


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11114/aef.v6i4.4266

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Applied Economics and Finance    ISSN 2332-7294 (Print)   ISSN 2332-7308 (Online)

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